SESSION TOPICS

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HONORARY SESSION FOR FUAT ŞAROĞLU
Yücel YILMAZ – Ali Mehmet Celal ŞENGÖR- Ömer EMRE
Tamer DUMAN – Hasan SÖZBİLİR

Special sessions of gratitude to honour those earth scientists who devoted their lives and made significant contributions to geology are organized within the compass of the International Annual Meetings of Geology in Turkey. The second of such sessions will take place to honour geologist Dr. Fuat Şaroğlu.

Dr. Fuat Şaroğlu is one of the foremost earth scientists in Turkey. His studies on the geology, neotectonics, active faults and earthquake geology of Turkey has made significant contributions to the understanding of the recent tectonics and kinematics not only in Turkey, but also in the entire Eastern Mediterranean area as well as to the understanding of the processes of continental collision and convergence. We his teachers, his colleagues and his students wish to express our gratitude to him for his life-long endeavours for furthering geological knowledge in Turkey and wish him a long and productive life in which he can continue his fecund studies.

It is expected that during the session of gratitude to Fuat Şaroğlu papers will be presented primarily on such topics as structural and geomorphological events during the Neotectonic episode in Turkey and the Eastern Mediterranean region and the seismic activity in these areas. The session is open to the submission of contributions in such topics, but is not rigidly confined to them. We believe that Şaroğlu’s close friends and collaborators will be asked to be invited speakers within the scope of this session.

ALTERNATIVE ENERGY RESOURCES
İsmail BAHTİYAR – Hasan Armağan DERMAN – Kadir GÜRGEY

Dear Geoscientists, when we talk about alternative energy resources, for sure, we think about alternatives to fossil fuels. However, increase in energy demand, huge gap between energy supply coming from alternative energy resources like renewables and energy demand, did not reduce the dependency on fossil fuels. For this reason, to access fossil fuels, use of technologies for energy production seem inevitable in the future. The use of new technologies other than the conventional methods are crucial. In this session, not only alternative to fossil fuels will be discussed but also, innovative/alternative technologies used to exploit fossil resources will be covered. We are expecting your unique studies on the following subjects:
Shale Oil/Gas exploration, exploitation and production
Industrial Application Projects for Natural Gas Hydrates in Methane Hydrates
Coal Gasification Projects and Research& Development Projects
Research& Development Projects on extracting oil equivalent products from Bituminous Shale Reserves
Scientific and Technical Studies on Hydrogen Technologies and Economics
Research& Development Projects on Carbon Capture and Storage
Applications of environmental protection technology in fossil fuel production

ANTHROPOCENE AND ANTHROPOGENIC POLLUTION
Mustafa ERGİN – Nuray ÇAĞLAR – Deniz ŞANLIYÜKSEL YÜCEL – Ökmen SÜMER

Nowadays human activities have become the most effective shaping factor on nature. Each passing day, because of increasing human-sourced activities like industrialization, urbanization use of fossil fuels, uncontrolled agricultural and mining activities create anthropogenic pollution in nature, for this reason many organisms are damaged and decreased. Anthropogenic pollution studies have been extensively performed in the world in the middle of the 1800’s and in our country since the early 20th century. Especially, since the beginning of the 2000’s, due to the fact that these anthropogenic effects are measurable on observed geological rocks and events, it has been proposed to leaving the geological series Holocene, and should be entered into a new one namely the Anthropocene. Investigation of the anthropogenic pollution and the limitation of Anthropocene time interval are interdisciplinary studies and they influence in all of ocean, earth and atmospheric sciences.
In this regards, we welcome your contributions with valuable presentations to the Anthropocene and Anthropogenic Pollution Session, to create awareness about the importance of the topic and sharing information with interdisciplinary colleagues.

REGIONAL GEOLOGY
Aral OKAY – Erman ÖZSAYIN – Bora ROJAY -Derek THORKELSON – Mehmet KESKİN

As conveners of the “Regional Geology” session we invite you to submit the results of your geological studies in Turkey and its vicinity. The “Regional Geology” session has a wide scope and includes all field-based stratigraphic, paleontological, structural, petrologic and isotopic studies and their applications to other geological fields. The session is geared towards a better understanding of the geology of Turkey and the neighbouring regions.

ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY
Alper BABA – İrfan YOLCUBAL – Fatma GÜLTEKİN – Prosun BHATTACHARYA
Dilek TURER

Problems related to Environment, where all living things maintain their relationships and interact with each other, are increasing day by day. The impact of some geological factors on environmental health and the reasons that cause these problems continue to be a global problem. The environmental geology session focuses on the studies of the mutual interactions of people with the environment and minimize or mitigate the negative impacts on the environment.
In this session, all researchers are expected for oral and poster presentations in order to share and discuss recent studies on Risk assessment studies related to geohazards, Soil, and Groundwater Pollution, Environmental Impacts of Engineering Constructions, Selection of Waste Disposal Site, and Environmental Impacts of Mining Activities.

PRECIOUS-SEMI PRECIOUS STONES
Sabah YILMAZ ŞAHİN – Haluk SELİM – Meltem GÜRBÜZ –
Murat HATİPOĞLU – Ayten ÇALIK

With the increasing interest in Precious and Semi-Precious Stones, in general terms Gemstones, it has been discussed scientifically, analyzing the current developments in different aspects and sharing the results. Geological Congress in Turkey, previously the subject of Precious and Semi-Precious stones, they were given places in the other sessions. However, ıt is discussed in a separate session for the first time in 70 th Turkey Geological Congress. Precious and semi-precious stones subject will take place for the third time on 28 January – 1 February 2019 will be held in 72 th Turkey Geological Congress. For this reason, it is expected that the results of the research to be carried out on the Precious-Semi-Precious stones defined in the geological units in the session to be presented as Oral or Poster presentations. In this session, it is aimed to associate with the fields such as archeology, geology and mining of Gemology, a scientific discipline related to precious and semi-precious stones, and to give results obtained by various analytical methods. Presentations on precious and semi-precious stones, their place in mining legislation, processing, construction in the jewelry industry, marketing, branding and ethical issues are expected to be presented.

NATURAL DISASTERS AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Orhan TATAR – Şükrü ERSOY – Bülent ÖZMEN

Turkey is subject to frequent natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, mass movement, storms, cyclone, drought etc., are often experience. When adequate measures have not been taken, These events turn into disaster and They lead to loss of life and property. Because of disaster, 2-5% of Turkey national income is lost every year. In order to reduce these losses, It is necessary to comprehensive interdisciplinary studies and these studies should be managed effectively. Disaster management can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in prticular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters. Geoscience has important responsibilities in all phases of disaster management. The management focused on mitigation of disaster losses should be accomplished only by comprehensive interdisciplinary efforts and the contributions of geologists. For effective and sustainable disaster management, legislation, administrative, technical, and scientific methods should be determined before disaster period. In essence, this approach adopts a risk management approach rather than crisis. In this session, how to ordinary natural phenomena turned into disaster, and mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery efforts, the mission of earthscientists in disasters will be discussed with the valuable presentations of data collected from some regions of Turkey and abroad. Natural disasters and Disaster management section will be presented all kinds of articles related to natural disasters and disaster management.

NATURAL BUILDING STONES AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
Cahit HELVACI – Atiye TUĞRUL – Murat YILMAZ – Ali Bahadır YAVUZ

The Geological Congress of Turkey, which began in 1947 and is a long established, respected scientific event for earth sciences in Turkey. It will be held for the seventy-second time at the METU Culture and Convention Center on January 28-01 February 2018. In the section of “Natural Stone and Industrial Minerals”, investigations, which has a special significance for geologists, carried out on building and dimensional stones and industrial minerals will be presented. In this context investigations deal with the subjects given below will be evaluated. Additionally other subjects close the main topics will be also evaluated by the committee of the section.
We would be grateful to see you working on this subject with us and following presentations produced from your valuable investigations during the conference.
Natural Stones
Aggregates (concrete, asphalt, ballast, embankments materials, armour stones ect.), Geological parameters effecting usability of stones as dimensional stone (marble, pavement stone and decorative stones), The evaluation of leftover materials of stone quarries, Natural stones used in antique and historical buildings and for artistic objects, Deterioration types in stones used in engineering projects, Protection and restoration of natural stone, Production and processing technologies of natural stone, Natural stone and architectural design.
Industrial Minerals
Raw materials for ceramic and glass industry, Raw materials for cement industry and mineral additives, Brick and tile raw materials for brick and tile, Other usage of natural stones (stone wool, cast basalt, fiber etc.), Salts, clays, evaporites and other industrial minerals

GEOSCIENTIST OF THE FUTURE
Kadir DİRİK – Halil KUMSAR -Tolga OYMAN – Osman PARLAK

We are happy to announce that we will host our young colleagues in a special session “Geoscientists of the Future”, at 72nd Geological Congress of Turkey between 28 January-01 February 2019.
Today, many undergraduate students participate in national and international projects and do their own research taking advantage of related supports. We are inviting the senior students from the departments of geological engineering to “Geoscientists of the Future” session whoever have an original research project.
The aims of this special session for the young colleagues are;
To support the development of scientific thought; to constitute a productive environment enabling exchange information; to give the opportunity to find out the recent studies on earth sciences; to meet with the scientists who are reputed from articles and books; to socialize with their peer future colleagues; to provide great experience.
The abstracts should be prepared with the supervisor in accordance with the scientific criterions and the rules of congress. The senior students could be submitted their original researches as oral or poster presentation in compliance with the rules on the congress web page (http://www.jmo.org.tr/etkinlikler/kurultay/).
We will be honored to see young colleagues and all geoscientists, who will support them with their knowledge and experiences, in “Geoscientists of the Future” session, at the 72nd Geological Congress of Turkey, in METU Culture and Convention Center.

FOSSIL FUELS AND THEIR TECHNOLOGIES
Ali İhsan KARAYİĞİT – Zühtü BATI – Kimon CHRISTANIS – Selami TOPRAK

Energy sources such as conventional & unconventional hydrocarbons and coal have an essential role in development of each and every country. In the Fossil Fuels session, basinal and regional scale geological/geophysical studies taking place in Turkey and also in the other parts of the world about exploration & production of the energy sources will be discussed in detail; new findings and assessment of these findings will be shared and exchange views with the audience.
Within this context, in addition to sharing information about ongoing geologicalIgeophysical studies in the unconventional hydrocarbon bearing basins in the world and Turkey with geoscience community; it is very important to start a debate about the estimated reserve numbers of unconventional hydrocarbon sources within Turkey`s sedimentary basins.
In the same manner, discussion on geological and recent geophysical studies resulted with the recent coal discoveries which substantially increased Turkey`s coal reserves is important for the Fossil Fuels session. Furthermore, the audience will be encouraged to discuss environmental friendly exploration & production of fossil fuels and their consumption as the major energy sources.

HYDROGEOLOGY, WATER RESOURCES AND THEIR MANAGEMENT
Mehmet EKMEKÇİ – Müfit Şefik DOĞDU – Ayla BOZDAĞ – Harun AYDIN
Antonio CHAMBEL

Groundwater is one of the natural resource that has vital importance. Changes in global climate, increase in population, agricultural and industrial activities and urban growth increase the quantity and quality problems of this resourse day by day.
The purposes of this session are to discuss characterization and modeling of groundwater systems, groundwater contamination and protection areas, water quality and hydrogeochemical studies, contaminant transport and modeling, surface and groundwater interactions, coastal aquifers and salt water intrusion, karst hydrogeology and sustainable water resources management for resolution of the groundwater quantity and quality problems. We invite all researchers to the 72st Geological Congress of Turkey with international participation to share and discuss recent researches on these topics.

GEOARCHAEOLOGY
Erhan ALTUNEL – Namık YALÇIN – Bülent ARIKAN – Mehmet ÖZDOĞAN

Geoarcheology; is the use of geological (Earth Sciences) approaches and analytical methods in archaeological investigations and interpretation of findings. Geoarchaeology, which requires a multi-disciplinary scientific research environment, is a new and developing scientific approach. Organizing a separate session in the Geological Congress of Turkey will make significant contribution to put forward the importance of this new scientific approach and to reach its meaning to the wider population. The contributions of the researchers in different disciplines such as archaeology, geology, geography, geophysics, as well as the papers discussing various applications of geoarchaeology, will enable the present position of Geoarchaeology to move further. In this context, we invite all interested researchers to enrich the Geoarchaeology session with their contributions.

GEODESY
Haluk ÖZENER – Bahadır AKTUĞ-İbrahim TİRYAKİOĞLU

“Geodesy is a branch of science that deals with the position, shape, size and the gravity field of the earth in a four-dimensional space and any measurements to be made for this purpose. Geodetic studies which initiated with the astronomical observations have gained use in numerous application areas with the development of satellite technologies: cadastral works, deformation monitoring of structures (buildings, dams, bridges etc.), determination of atmospheric water vapor variations and the total electron content of the ionosphere, navigation and attitude determination of air platforms, tectonic plate movements, modeling of earthquakes, etc. In particular, Global Navigation Satellite Systems and Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) observations enabled to monitor the continuous and episodic deformation of the earth crust with high precision. Keeping in mind that the interdisciplinary studies will also improve each discipline individually, we invite all researchers to contribute with their abstracts to the Geodesy session in which various geodetic applications will take place”.

GEODYNAMICS
Oğuz GÖĞÜŞ – Russell N. PYSKLYWEC – Claudio FACCENNA – Irina ARTEMIEVA – Tuna EKEN

The geodynamics session would like to call for contributions focusing on geodynamical processes at every scale such as lithospheric subduction (ocean and continental), plume impingement, delamination, convective removal/instabilities, rifting, collision, obduction, fold-thrust belt formations. The purpose of this session is to bring together different viewpoints on these first order geodynamic phenomena as well as their potential impacts on the evolution of surface (dynamic) topography, anisotropy, magmatism, metamorphism and seismicity. Please consider submitting abstract into this new session at TJK.

GEOPHYSICAL METHODS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS TO GEOLOGICAL PROBLEMS
Hans THYBO – Hayrullah KARABULUT – Argun KOCAOĞLU – Neslihan OCAKOĞLU GÖKAŞAN – Turgay İŞSEVEN – Emin ULUGERGERLİ- Ebru ŞENGÜL ULUOCAK

Dear Colleagues, We hope that you will consider submitting your contributions to the special session on the “Geophysical methods and their applications to geological problems” for the upcoming 72nd Turkish Geological Congress (TJK) that will be held on 28 January-1 February 2019, at the METU Culture and Convention Center in Ankara, Turkey.
Session Title: Geophysical methods and their applications to geological problems
With a multi-disciplinary motivation in mind, this session invites contributions from all geoscientists that include, but are not limited to, seismic, potential fields, electric and electromagnetic methods, in a joint effort to resolve complex geological problems. In addition to applied aspect geophysics, analogue and numerical modeling studies, as well as recent progress in instrumentation, are also invited.

GEOCHRONOLOGY AND ISOTOPE GEOLOGY
Nilgün GÜLEÇ – Ersin KORALAY – Quentin CROWLEY – İsmail Onur TUNÇ

Dear Colleagues,
72nd Geological Congress of Turkey will be held on January 28 – February 1, 2019 at the Culture and Convention Center of the Middle East Technical University (METU) in Ankara. One of the sessions of the Congress is dedicated to Geochronology and Isotope Geology. The aim of this session is to bring together the scientists working on diverse application fields of isotope techniques and provide a forum to present their research, share their experiences and exchange ideas about the recent progress in isotope techniques. In this respect, we would like to invite you to contribute to this session.The detailed information on Congress is available at
http://www.jmo.org.tr/etkinlikler/kurultay/.
We kindly ask your contribution to Geochronology and Isotope Geology session of 72nd Geological Congress of Turkey.

GEOMORPHOLOGY
Atilla ÇİNER – Cengiz YILDIRIM – Tolga GÖRÜM

Geomorphology, as the study of the origins and evolution of Earth’s landforms and the processes that shape them, is closely associated with terrestrial and atmospherical conditions (e.g. tectonic and climate) and human activities. Today, there is an increasing interest and concern about the changing geo-environmental conditions, geohazards, climate and human impact on earth surface processes and how these processes will change in the future and how the environment will be affected by this changes. Nevertheless, because of development of space technologies it is possible to investigate landforms and processes on other planets in our galaxy. These developments increase significance of the geomorphology and open a new era for geomorphic studies. The aim of the geomorphology session is to establish a platform for the studies on modern, quantitative and process oriented geomorphology field. However, this session is open to the participants who will be able to provide oral or poster presentations of the side disciplines, which are directly or indirectly related to geomorphology, the geo-environmental changes, landforms and surface processes to the stakeholders.
The main topics to be addressed in the geomorphology session are;
Tectonic and Structural Geomorphology, Glacial and Periglacial Geomorphology, Hillslope Processes and Mass Movements, Soil Erosion, Quaternary Environments, Fluvial Geomorphology, Geomorphic Hazards, Karst, Planetary Geomorphology, Geomorphometry, Anthropogenic Geomorphology, Paleogeography and Geoarcheology, Geomorphosites and Geotourism.

GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
Gültekin TARCAN – Mehmet Furkan ŞENER – Ayşen DAVRAZ – Arzu FIRAT ERSOY – Ozan DENİZ

The growing world population, as well as the increasing energy requirement of each individual, increases the total consumption of alternative energy sources. Our country has important potential for alternative energy sources such as solar, wind and geothermal with its geographical location and geological features, Turkey is ranked first in the European and seventh in the world rankings with its present capacity of geothermal sources. In recent years, the share of geothermal energy in our country’s total energy consumption has considerably increased due to the increasing number of exploration-production activities as a result of legal regulations and incentives. However, the efficiency of easily accessible resources is gradually decreasing and therefore new and blind sources should be available.
The aim of this session is to discuss the results of new researches related to geothermal energy on a scientific platform. However, this session is also open to participants wishing to present the applications for direct or indirect use of geothermal energy as a notification to stakeholders. We are waiting for the participation of geologists and share their scientific information in Geological Congress of Turkey which is one of the Turkey’s most prestigious symposiums.

URBAN GEOLOGY
Halil KUMSAR – Yılmaz MAHMUTOĞLU – Evren ERDİN – Bahattin Murat DEMİR – Atiye TUĞRUL
In the decisions that lead to spatial development of cities, the research, operation and conservation of Natural Resources, the factors determining the levels of exposure to natural disasters and disasters of geological origin are taken into consideration.
The studies of urban geology are important both for the production of the right choice decisions and for the structuring and sustaining of spatial development in a healthy context. Location selection, route selection, structure and population density decisions, sectoral development strategies and decisions that determine spatial structure and development of cities are carried out with different plan stages.
In urban geology session, planning of urbanization areas, sustainability, geological, tectonic, engineering geology, hydrogeology and seismicity studies carried out for urban site selection studies, investigations and researches on solving transportation problems of cities such as airport, highway, railway, subway, tunnel, bridge, viaduct implementation, engineering geology and hydrogeological studies for the solution of water supply and drinking water problems of cities, engineering geology applications to protect urban areas from flood, the effects of surface and underground mining operations to the urbanisation and near field, the use of Natural Resources in terms of sustainable urbanization are planned to present and discuss.
In addition, studies on the implementation of urbanization projects by the ministry and local governments, problems encountered, deficiencies and proposals for solutions, relationship between settlements in ancient cities and geology, the planning of underground living spaces for the future by using modern technology are also covered by the urban geology session.
We invite our colleagues to present their work and research in the urban geology session.

COASTAL, LACUSTRINE AND MARINE GEOLOGY
Erol SARI – Derman DONDURUR – Kadir Kürşat ERİŞ – Pierre HENRY –
Mustafa AVCIOĞLU

This session generally contains marine and coastal geology subjects of the Sea of Marmara, Mediterranean and Black seas. However, this session also includes subjucts regarding to geology and past climate studies of Turkish lakes. In this context, this session is related to those titles given below:
Geological evolution and neotectonic of marine and lacustrine basins
Coastal geomorphology and processes
Sea and lake level changes together with past shorelines
Paleoceanography, paleolinmology, water exchanges between Mediterranean and Black Sea
Paleoclimate and earthquake records on marine and lacustrine sediments
Hydrocarbon and mineral sources of seas
Sediment pollution in marine and lake sediments

QUATERNARY STUDIES
Naki AKÇAR – Nasim MOZAFARI AMIRI – Mustafa SOFTA – Joel Q.G.SPENCER

Quaternary science is multidisciplinary and brings together scientists from diverse disciplines in natural and social sciences such as geology, geomorphology, ecology, physics, biology, astronomy, paleoanthropology, climate science, archeology, chemistry, and mathematics. As such, the broad scope of Quaternary Sciences is compatible with the main theme of the 72nd Geological Congress of Turkey. Quaternary Sciences session invites proposals, conclusions, and the preliminary results of local and regional studies. These studies may, for instance, focus on Quaternary history at regional scale and shed light on all geological processes that involve sea-level change, glacial-shore-lake-marine geology, volcanism, and geomorphology. These studies may include stratigraphic, sedimentological, paleontological, geochemical, and chronologic (14C, Cosmogenic, Luminescence) data.
We look forward to the participation and high-quality scientific contributions of all the scientists that join us at the 72nd Geological Congress of Turkey. We hope that the contributions will enable high-level scientific discussions, exchange and networking within the scope of this multi-disciplinary session.

CULTURAL GEOLOGY AND GEOLOGICAL HERITAGE
Nizamettin KAZANCI – Korhan ERTURAÇ – Catherine KUZUCUOĞLU – Alper GÜRBÜZ

“Cultural Geology” and “Geological Heritage” can be regarded as the most recent but expanding protection initiatives in earth sciences. “Cultural Geology” aims to study and present earth-related natural systems (such as climate, geography, environment, landform, hydrography, water and sea level changes, raw material sources…) which have affected or have been affected by human activity from prehistorical until recent times. In other words, it concerns the study of the geological processes interrelated with cultural developments. “Geological Heritage” concerns the identification, definition, and protection of geological archives of the earth evolution. It interlinks strongly with “Geopark” and “Geotourism” policies, which must be valuable tools for integrating the sustainability of nature protection into human education, behavior and development. We invite you to join and contribute to this session, which will cover aspects, research and applications from Turkey, Middle East and Eastern Europe. A special issue in an international journal is planned for this session.

MAGMATISM AND MAGMATIC PROCESSES
Cüneyt ŞEN – Ferkan SİPAHİ – Fuat ERKÜL – Sibel TATAR ERKÜL – Martin PALMER

Magmatism is controlled by many dynamic processes such as magma formation, elevation, settlement and eruption. The understanding of these processes developed during the crystallization, contamination and mixing of magma has an important role in the elucidation of the evolution of magma. In recent years, the analytical methods offered by modern technology have contributed to the identification of these processes and understanding of the igneous rocks. In the session of magmatism and magmatic processes, it is aimed to present the data obtained as a result of the analysis of magmatic rocks formed in different tectonic environments by modern methods. We invite you to our session to discuss the magmatic rocks and related processes.

METALLIC MINERAL DEPOSITS
İlkay KUŞÇU – Tolga OYMAN – Ahmet ŞAŞMAZ – Robert MORITZ – Emin ÇİFTÇİ

As part of the great Tethyan metallogenic belt, the mineral deposits in Turkey have been the prime target for national and international investment for years. The identification and presentation of this potential to young generations, and putting constructive scientific discussions on these deposits are the priorities and the main objectives of the mineral deposits session at the Turkish Geological Congress. In this respect, the Mineral Deposits session to be held at the 72nd Turkish Geological Congress forms a sound scientific platform to discuss and present the research and results related to the Turkish mineral deposits. The research on the genesis and modelling, geochemistry of the ore deposits is most welcome at this platform. Any submission on introducing and presenting new research and techniques on the exploration and prospection of ore deposits are also welcome. The oral and poster presentations on the general themes to be included in this session are listed below: (i)Introduction, identification and presentation of mineral deposits hosted by microcontinental fragments in Turkey, (ii) Presenting new research on the new techniques in the study of mineral deposits, (iii) The source and characteristics of ore-bearing solutions and their systematics, (iv) The timing of mineralization, and geochronology of mineral deposits, (v) Spatial and temporal associations between magmatism and mineralization, (vi) New techniques and methods in mineral exploration, (vii) Geological evolution and structural aspects of mineral deposits in Turkish metallogenic provinces, (viii) The correlation and comparison of mineral deposits in Turkey with those within regional Tethyan belt, (ix) Mineral exploration programs; the problems in mineral exploration in Turkey and suggestions for the solution of these problems

METAMORPHISM AND METAMORPHIC BELTS
Erdinç YİĞİTBAŞ – Erdin BOZKURT – Donna WHITNEY – Gültekin TOPUZ –
Ali POLAT

Metamorphic belts contain critical data to the understanding of the geology of a region. Metamorphism is one of the most complex and comprehensible subjects in geological processes. Therefore, the investigation of metamorphic belts is not only a metamorphic petrology issue, but also indispensable for tectonic research. The main purpose of the session set out in the 72nd Turkish Geological Congress are discussing the results of the researches on the metamorphic massifs of Turkey and surroundings which focused of understanding the geology of Turkey. In this session, beside the new studies dealing with relationships between metamorphism and tectonics, abstracts including new methods and approaches related to determination of temperature and pressure conditions of the metamorphism will especially be accepted either. How formation of minerals in metamorphic rocks and their relationships between each other take shape during prograde and retrograde metamorphism will be one of the main subjects of the session.

ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND GEOTECHNICS
Tamer TOPAL – Aykut AKGÜN – Nihat Sinan IŞIK – Özge DİNÇ GÖĞÜŞ –
Harun SÖNMEZ

Engineering Geology and Geotechnics; covers all activities such as field, laboratory, analyses/calculation, and design studies for the solution of geological problems posed by engineering applications. Cooperation by related disciplines help to complete safe and economic engineering projects just on time. Organizing a separate session in the Geological Congress of Turkey will make significant contribution to put forward the importance of new scientific approaches and share experiences. The papers discussing various applications of Engineering Geology and Geotechnics as well as the contributions of the researchers from different disciplines such as civil engineering and geophysics will enable the subjects to move forward. In this context, we invite all the related disciplines to enrich the Engineering Geology and Geotechnics session with their papers.

NEOTECTONICS AND SEISMICITY
Gürol SEYİTOĞLU – Serdar AKYÜZ – Ziyadin ÇAKIR – Korhan ESAT –
Laura GREGORY – Azad SAĞLAM SELÇUK

Earthquakes, which are the most important result of the active deformations in our country, are the major natural disaster. Understanding of these natural phenomena directly affecting human life, and presenting the disaster risk with current and multidisciplinary methods are crucial both in minimizing the loss of life in a possible earthquake and in reducing the economic and social damages. Present-day geodynamics of Turkey has a key role to understand the neotectonics and seismicity of the eastern Mediterranean region, and the new studies are continuously produced in this regard. In this context, we kindly invite you to present your research related to the structural analysis, paleoseismology, seismotectonics, and remote sensing-geodesy based studies associated with the particularly active faults of Turkey and the surrounding regions at the Neotectonics and Seismicity Session of the 72nd Geological Congress of Turkey.

OPHIOLITES AND OPHIOLITIC MELANGES
Osman PARLAK – Alastair ROBERTSON – Utku BAĞCI

Ophiolites, on-land fragments of oceanic lithosphere, are the key to understanding processes involved in the evolution of oceanic basins. Ophiolites display variable internal structure, pseudostratigraphy, geochemical composition and feature in many different orogenic belts of different age. They are interpreted to have formed in a wide range of tectonic settings, including mid-ocean ridge, back-arc and fore-arc. Numerous models exist for oceanic crust generation, metamorphic sole and melange formation, tectonic emplacement and ore genesis.
The aims of this session are to discuss (i) recent scientific advances on ophiolites of Tethyan belt and surroundings, (ii) mantle melting and melt/rock interaction, (iii) metamorphic processes during formation and emplacements and (iv) melange genesis. We warmly welcome a large number of scientists from Turkey, Asia, Europe and America for fruitful discussions on this topic.

PALAEOMAGNETISM
Mualla CENGİZ ÇİNKU – Nuretdin KAYMAKÇI – Cor LANGEREIS – Bora UZEL –
John GEISSMAN

Application of paleomagnetism, archaeomagnetism and magnetostratigraphy has a lot to offer in solving major tectonic, stratigraphical and archaeologic problems in earth sciences. These include restoration of tectonic blocks that underwent vertical axis rotations and changed their paleo-latitudinal positions, precise dating of rock sequences by use of magnetic reversals, and dating and relocation of archaeological material that include both in-situ (e.g. burned walls of ancient ruins, kilns or ovens) and transported material (e.g. clay sherds, ceramics, kitchen utensils etc.) from archaeological sites.
This session is designated to bring topics related to application of geomagnetic tools in solving problems on various earth science and related disciplines. The session welcomes contributions involving subjects related to vertical axis rotations (tectonics), paleo-latitude determinations, magnetic reversals (magnetostratigraphy), paleointensity and secular variation of geomagnetic field (archaeomagnetism), and various magnetic fabric analysis techniques (AMS, AARM, AIRM).

PALEONTOLOGY AND BIOSTRATIGRAPHY
Atike NAZİK – Cemal TUNOĞLU – Bilal SARI – Aslı KARABAŞOĞLU – Sevinç KAPAN

The systematic description of the fossil fauna and flora and correlating and assigning the relative ages of rock strata by using the fossil assemblages are fundamental in understanding the Earth’s biologic and geological evolution and the theory of plate tectonics. Moreover, fossils provide insights for the past climate, environment, patterns of evolution and. The temporal and spatial distribution of fauna and flora are key in understanding the bio-provinces, and their geographic and stratigraphic interactions. The ‘Paleontology and Biostratigraphy’ session encompasses all aspects of paleontology such as taxonomy, biostratigraphy, evolution, paleoecology-environment, paleoclimatology, paleobiogeography and paleoarcaeology. The original researches in any of these disciplines are highly welcome and waiting.

PALYNOLOGY AND PALEOCLIMATE RESEARCH
Funda AKGÜN – Zühtü BATI – Dimiter IVANOV – Torsten UTESCHER –
Mine Sezgül KAYSERİ ÖZER

Climate and paleoclimate are one of the most important factors in the nature and change of faunal and floral life in present and past. In order to reach climatic data, the research subjects used include palynological and vegetative studies, stable isotope and mammalian studies. Throughout its geological history, Anatolia has been acting as the bridge for all life between Europe-Asia and Africa. This unique location of Anatolia is also quite meaningful by presenting all the geological data of the past to the researchers.
This session aims to discuss climatic and vegetative changes of the Earth throughout its geological history in detail with examples from Turkey and the world. Furthermore, detailed and high-resolution palynomorph and/or macrobotanical data, statistical methods, vegetational reconstructions, climate change and diversity processes, and modeling of biodiversity changes by proxy data will enrich this session.
Your original studies are very valuable in order to understand ecological changes and to make predictions for the future. We look forward to your participation.

SEDIMENTOLOGY AND SEDIMENTARY PROCESSES
Ülvi Can ÜNLÜGENÇ – Faruk OCAKOĞLU – Ezher TAGLIASACCHI
Enrico CAPEZZUOLI

Dear Geoscientists, 72nd Turkish Geological Congress with International Participants will be held at the METU (Middle East Technical University) Culture and Congress Centre, Ankara on 28 January -1 February 2019.
There are many sessions in different disciplines about earth sciences at the congress and we will be honoured to see you among us during “Sedimentology and Sedimentary Processes” session.
The original studies in our country and the world including sedimentary processes, modelling, provenance determinations and stratigraphical investigations related with sedimentary basin development will be presented in this session and hereby, an ambiance about all these issues will be provided for discussing, understanding and interpreting well with the scientific community.
We are expecting to your contributions with abstracts or extended full text about your original and recent studies to this internationally qualified Congress which continued uninterruptedly with success for 71 years. We are particularly interested in this congress in the participation of young and dynamic researchers to meet with the experience scientists and to do collaborative works together
Hope to see you in 72nd Turkish Geological Congress with International Participants!!!

SEISMOLOGY
Doğan KALAFAT – Onur TAN – Zeynep GÜLERCE – Özlem KARAGÖZ – Özgün KONCA

In this year, a new session under the title of “Seismology” is opened in the Geological Congress of Turkey that is held traditionally annually. As accurate as a possible estimation of the source, path and soil characteristics of the earthquakes enable to a safer design of underground and surface engineering structures in the cities. Thus, it is ensured that the loss of goods and lives that may occur as a result of the destructive earthquakes is reduced to a lesser extent.
In this context, keeping the Seismology session in a wider frame, we emphasize to share the theoretical and applied current studies in the fields of seismology, engineering seismology and earthquake engin eering including the topics such as regional and local earthquake activities, faulting parameters, rupturing process, characteristics of the paths where the earthquake waves pass, determination of the shallow and deep soil characteristics by passive seismic methods, Probabilistic (stochastic)/deterministic earthquake simulations, seismic hazard analyses, investigation of the weak and strong motions etc. with the earth scientists. We look forward to your contributions to the Seismology session of our Congress with your valuable studies.

DRILLING METHODS AND ITS TECHNOLOGY
Celalettin ŞİMŞEK – Mehmet Ruhi AKÇIL – Traugott SCHEYTT

It is expected the presentation subjects are; recent drilling technology and application, drilling problems and overcoming down-hole problems, well design and construction, drilling equipment selection and efficient use, heath and safety at drilling, drilling mud and additives, drilling logging, recording and reporting.

AGROGEOLOGY
Ayten NAMLI – Mümtaz ÇOLAK – Yusuf KURUCU – Hasan ÖZCAN

Agrogeology which is commonly defined as the application of geology to agricultural practice; is the application of geological materials to agricultural and forestry systems as a means of maintaining and enhancing soil fertility for the geological processes affecting the distribution and formation of soils and for increased social, economic and environmental benefits. Agrogeology examines how nutrients, pH, soil structure and soil water movement can be improved by using naturally occurring mineral-rich rock materials. In the agrogeological approach, communication, consultation and interactions between different stakeholders are very important. This interdisciplinary approach combines the knowledge of soil scientists and farmers with engineering geologists and process engineers. Soil scientists define soil constraints and needs, and engineering geologists find, define and characterize geological raw materials that meet these needs, and process engineers contribute by condensing agrominerals and transforming them into suitable form.

MEDICAL GEOLOGY
Nurgül BALCI – Muzaffer METİNTAŞ – Engin TUTKUN – Gürhan YALÇIN –
Yusuf URAS

Medical geology discipline dealing with the effects of geological environments on living things is of particular importance when the geography and geological structure of our country is considered. Cancer cases in certain regions of our country reveal and emphasize the effect of geological environment on human health. The rocks, minerals and elements in the environment control living things through interactions among biosphere, lithosphere and atmosphere.  In these processes, the nutrients required for living things are obtained at different concentrations via water and air. Consequently, geological environments are the key factor that regulates the amount of these concentrations and directly influence human health.

The scientific studies undertaken in the axis of geology-medicine and environment   will be presented under the Medical Geology session at 72. Geological Congress of Turkey. Therefore, we kindly invite you to 72nd of Geological Congress to present scientific studies including public health and geological environments as poster and oral talk.

EMERITUS EARTHSCIENTISTS
Ayhan KÖSEBALABAN – Ali YILMAZ – Ali Vedat OYGÜR – Ali ÇAKMAKOĞLU

Geology is based on observations and cannot be learned just from books. The profession is basically learned in the field through master apprentice relations from the knowledge passed on from an Experienced Geologist.
Taking this reality into consideration, retired geological engineers who have contributed to the geology of Turkey are asked to share their knowledge and experiences with the young generation of geological engineers. Experienced Geologists are invited to talk about the problems they encountered and the measures they took to solve them.
In particular speakers are invited to talk about their personal experiences, studies on determination and definition of active faults and nature originated disasters, geotechnical studies of important engineering structures like bridge, dam, thermic power plants etc., studies on mineral deposits, oil explorations, water resources, environment etc. Speakers are also asked to talk about how and when geological studies relating to natural resources forming the basis of the industry in Turkey started and developed.

REMOTE SENSING AND GIS
Kaan Şevki KAVAK – Can AYDAY – Tolga ÇAN – Bekir Taner SAN

The preparation, evaluation and analysis of spectral and spatial data with remote sensing and geographic information systems are used effectively in geology as well as in other disciplines such as military applications, city and regional planning, and provide great advantages in terms of planning and data management.
With the contributions of defense-oriented applications to civilian life and with the contribution of computer and space technology, saving time and money in the field of ground observation and remote sensing nowadays provides important opportunities in terms of target site reduction. Based on remote sensing and geographic information systems such as Google Earth, the use of maps and satellite image servers in the Internet environment is very common, especially in the processing of these images, such as the classification of actually leading to artificial intelligence applications, algorithms have been used for a long time. Again, Big Data concept in the very different purposes and variety of satellite data also contributes. In this respect, these methods-sciences bring together earth sciences with these latest technologies.
In this context, we see very important that geographic information systems and remote sensing, earth sciences or place of including in the interdisciplinary your research scientist, presented and discussed in 72. Turkey Geological Congress, techniques and the sharing of geology community of scientific advances. In these areas, researchers, engineers, company representatives, policy makers and students, bringing the same platform, scientific and technical means in hopes that more common and useful communication and cooperation provided, you are invited to be together in 72. Turkey Geological Congress.

URBAN GEOLOGY PANEL – 1

Availability to Settlement and Urban Transformation

URBAN GEOLOGY PANEL – 2

Management of Natural Resource and Urbanization

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