- 75th YEARS SPECIAL GRATITUDE SESSION: Prof. Dr. Yücel YILMAZ
Erdinç YİĞİTBAŞ – Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University
The Geological Congress of Turkey held for seventy-one years has provided significant contributions to the development of the earth sciences in Turkey as well as to the educational training of many geologists. In a similar vein, we have many scientists who have made valuable scientific contributions to the earth-sciences throughout their life and have spent great efforts for the educations of their students to be well-brought up earth scientists, dedicated to our country. Fortunately, we have an opportunity to give our fidelity to them in their maturity period through a splendid celebration they deserve!
Prof. Yücel YILMAZ is one of the most important earth-scientists with such qualifications in Turkey. A special session namely “GEOLOGICAL CONGRESS OF TURKEY – 75th YEARS SPECIAL GRATITUDE SESSION” will be held to pay our debts, at least partially, to this valuable scientist who will be seventy-five years old in this following year. We are firstly looking forward to his students and colleagues to attend to the session as speakers and/or audience. But of course, this session is also open to all voluntary contributions of our colleagues who have brought any insight on the geology of Turkey.
We hope that this kind of special gratitude session will traditionally be held at the Geological Congresses in the following years and overall, we wish a healthy long life for all our senior earth-scientists, who introduce many contributions aiming at understanding the geology of Turkey.
- ALTERNATIVE ENERGY RESOURCES
Kadir GÜRGEY – Near East University, TRNC
İsmail BAHTİYAR – Turkish Petroleum
Hasan Armağan DERMAN – Turkish Petroleum
Dear Geoscientists, when we talk about alternative energy sources, for sure, we think about alternatives to fossil fuels. However, increase in energy demand, huge gap between energy supply coming from alternative energy resources like renewables and energy demand, did not reduce the dependency on fossil fuels. For this reason, to access fossil fuels, use of technologies for energy production seem inevitable in the future. The use of new technologies other than the conventional methods are crucial. In this session, not only alternative to fossil fuels will be discussed but also, innovative/alternative technologies used to exploit fossil resources will be covered. We are expecting your unique studies on the following subjects:
- Shale Oil/Gas exploration, exploitation and production
- Industrial Application Projects for Natural Gas Hydrates in Methane Hydrates
- Coal Gasification Projects and Research& Development Projects
- Research& Development Projects on extracting oil equivalent products from Bituminous Shale Reserves
- Scientific and Technical Studies on Hydrogen Technologies and Economics
- Research& Development Projects on Carbon Capture and Storage
- Applications of environmental protection technology in fossil fuel production
- CULTURAL GEOLOGY AND GEOLOGICAL HERITAGE
Nizamettin KAZANCI – Ankara University
Nazire Özgen ERDEM – Cumhuriyet University
Mehmet Korhan ERTURAÇ – Sakarya University
Zeki M. HASSAN – Kirkuk University, Irak
Cultural Geology and Geological Heritage can be regarded as the most recent but expanding initiatives in earth sciences. Cultural Geology, aim to explain all natural phenomenon (such as climate, geography, environment, landform, water and sea level changes and raw material sources) which have had effected human activity from prehistorical times until recent. Briefly study the geological processes that drive the cultural development. Geological Heritage, can be defined as archives of the evolution of the earth and a perfect source of geopark and geotourism applications, which are valuable assets for nature protection, education and sustainable development. We invite you to join and contribute to this session, which will cover aspects, research and applications from Turkey, Middle East and Eastern Europe. A special issue at a peer reviewed international journal is planned from this session.
- DRILLING METHODS AND TECHNOLOGY
Celalettin ŞİMŞEK – Dokuz Eylül University
Mehmet Ruhi AKÇIL – Geo Drilling Machinery Manuf. Co.
Traugott SCHEYTT – Berlin Technische University, Germany
It is expected the presentation subjects are; recent drilling technology and application, drilling problems and overcoming down-hole problems, well design and construction, drilling equipment selection and efficient use, heath and safety at drilling, drilling mud and additives, drilling logging, recording and reporting.
- EARTH – ATMOSPHERE INTERACTION
Doğuşhan KILIÇ – Paul Scherrer Institut, Switzerland
Alper ÜNAL – İstanbul Technical University
Fatma ÖZTÜRK – Abant İzzet Baysal University
Layers of atmosphere interact with the Earth and hydrosphere directly or indirectly. This interaction may show up as the decreased average global temperature by a volcano or a significant change in the average annual precipitaion due to the change of the sea surface temperature over a specific region on the ocean (e.g. ENSO). Thus, atmospheric variability, impacts all biota, is driven by determinants such as geography, meteorological conditions, extra-terrestrial determinants and the anthropogenic activity.
– Atmopsheric Chemistry and Aerosols
– Natural and Antropogenic Emissions
– Atmopsheric Measurement Technics
– Extra-terrestrial Atmospheres
- ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND GEOTECHNICS
Reşat ULUSAY – Hacettepe University
Hakan ERSOY – Karadeniz Technical University
Mahmut MUTLUTÜRK – Süleyman Demirel University
M. Celal TUNUSLUOĞLU – Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University
One of the 28 sessions of the 71st Geological Congress of Turkey, which will be held between 23 and 27 April 2018 in Ankara, is “Engineering Geology and Geotechnics Session”. In this session, we expect the presentations and discussions on the results obtained from applications and researches mainly on the topics and associated methods such as engineering geology for underground excavations and hydraulic structures, stability of slopes, landslides, soil behaviours induced by earthquakes, geomechanical properties/behaviours of rocks and soils, rock mass characterization, engineering geology-geotechnics in urban planning, environmental geotechnics, engineering geology for historical structures and sites and others.
In this context, we kindly invite you to be in Ankara all together by submitting your papers and participating to the ”Engineering Geology and Geotechnics Session” which will be held to establish a scientific and technical platform consisting of researchers, engineers and decision makers.
- ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY
İrfan YOLCUBAL – Kocaeli University
Fatma GÜLTEKİN – Karadeniz Technical University
Prosun BHATTACHARYA – KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
Nurdan AYDIN-DÜZGÖREN – New Jersey City University, USA
Environmental Geology that is concerned with the interactions between humans and geologic environment is an important branch of geology contributing to identify, remediate and prevent human-induced environmental problems. This session aims to share the knowledge related to studies in Environmental Geology field in Turkey and around the world and raise awareness about the importance of topic. We encourage researchers to contribute to the session either oral or poster presentation. Some topics of Environmental Geology session include a) new approaches in environmental impact assessment related to mining activities, b) importance of environmental geology in the site selection for hazardous and domestic waste disposal: recent applications, c) source, determination and remediation of soil and groundwater contamination, d) risk assessment studies related to geohazards, e) environmental impact assessment of giant engineering projects, f) determination of processes influencing the fate and transport of contaminants in environment and h) mathematical modelling studies in assessing contamination risk of water resources
- FOSSIL FUELS AND TECHNOLOGY
Ali İhsan KARAYİĞİT – Hacettepe University
Zühtü BATI – Turkish Petroleum
Kimon CHRISTANIS – University of Patras, Greece
Energy sources such as conventional & unconventional hydrocarbons and coal have an essential role in development of each and every country. In the Fossil Fuels session, basinal and regional scale geological studies taking place in Turkey and also in the other parts of the world about exploration & production of the energy sources will be discussed in detail; new findings and assessment of these findings will be shared and exchange views with the audience.
Within this context, in addition to sharing information about ongoing geological studies in the unconventional hydrocarbon bearing basins in the world and Turkey with geoscience community; it is very important to start a debate about the estimated reserve numbers of unconventional hydrocarbon sources within Turkey`s sedimentary basins.
In the same manner, discussion on geological and recent geophysical studies resulted with the recent coal discoveries which substantially increased Turkey`s coal reserves is important for the Fossil Fuels session. Furthermore, the audience will be encouraged to discuss environmental friendly exploration & production of fossil fuels and their consumption as the major energy sources.
- GEOCHRONOLOGY AND ISOTOPE GEOLOGY
Nilgün GÜLEÇ – Middle East Technical University
Quentin CROWLEY – Trinity College Dublin, Irland
İsmail Onur TUNÇ – Ardahan University
Dear Colleagues, 71st Geological Congress of Turkey will be held on April 23-27, 2018 at the Culture and Convention Center of the Middle East Technical University (METU) in Ankara. One of the sessions of the Congress is dedicated to Geochronology and Isotope Geology. The aim of this session is to bring together the scientists working on diverse application fields of isotope techniques and provide a forum to present their research, share their experiences and exchange ideas about the recent progress in isotope techniques. In this respect, we would like to invite you to contribute to this session. The detailed information on Congress is available at https://jeolojikurultayi.org/71.
We kindly ask your contribution to Geochronology and Isotope Geology session of 71st Geological Congress of Turkey.
GEOSCIENTIST OF THE FUTURE
Sena AKÇER ÖN – Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University
Yavuz KAYA – Middle East Technical University
Şükran AÇIKEL – Hacettepe University
Ulaş AVŞAR – Middle East Technical University
We are happy to announce that we will host our young colleagues for the second time in a special session “Geoscientists of the Future”, at 71st Geological Congress of Turkey between 23 and 27 April 2018.
Today, many undergraduate students participate in national and international projects and do their own research taking advantage of related supports. We are inviting the senior students from the departments of geological engineering to “Geoscientists of the Future” session whoever have an original research project.
The aims of this special session for the young colleagues are;
To support the development of scientific thought
To constitute a productive environment enabling exchange information
To give the opportunity to find out the recent studies on earth sciences
To meet with the scientists who are reputed from articles and books
To socialise with their peer future colleagues
To provide great experience
The abstracts should be prepared with the supervisor in accordance with the scientific criterions and the rules of congress. The senior students could be submitted their original researches as oral or poster presentation in compliance with the rules on the congress web page (http://www.jmo.org.tr/etkinlikler/kurultay/).
We will be honored to see young colleagues and all geoscientists, who will support them with their knowledge and experiences, in “Geoscientists of the Future” session, at the 71st Geological Congress of Turkey, in METU Culture and Convention Center.
- GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
Özgür AVŞAR – Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University
Hüseyin KARAKUŞ – Dumlupınar University
Furkan ŞENER – Ömer Halisdemir University
Mahmut PARLAKTUNA – Middle East Technical University
Dornadula CHANDRASEKHARAM – Indian Institute of Technology, India
All forecasts show that fossil fuels are going to continue to make up a large percentage of total energy consumption in the following decades. However, considering world population growth, and the increase in energy need per person, the contribution made by alternative energy sources will need to increase as a percentage of the total global consumption. When the geography and geology of our country are considered, it has clear potential for the use of alternative energy sources such as solar, wind and geothermal. Recent legislative regulations and incentives have encouraged investigation into and investment in production facilities, which has resulted in an increase in geothermal energy production in our country.
The purpose of this session is to encourage a scientific discussion of the current research results related to topics such as geology, geochemistry and geophysics, with a focus on geothermal energy. This geothermal energy session is open to those participants who share information with stakeholders about the results of direct or indirect utilization applications of geothermal energy by giving oral or poster presentations. We expect the attendance and contribution of Earth scientists who are working on geothermal energy.
- HYDROGEOLOGY, WATER RESOURCES AND THEIR MANAGEMENT
Hasan YAZICIGİL – Middle East Technical University
Zübeyde HATİPOĞLU BAĞCI – Mersin University
Müfit Şefik DOĞDU – General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works
Antonio CAMPBELL – President of Int. Association of Hydrogeologists, Portugal
Ken HOWARD – Toronto University, Canada
Groundwater is one of the natural resource that has vital importance. Changes in global climate, increase in population, agricultural and industrial activities and urban growth increase the quantity and quality problems of this resourse day by day.
The purposes of this session are to discuss characterization and modeling of groundwater systems, groundwater contamination and protection areas, water quality and hydrogeochemical studies, contaminant transport and modeling, surface and groundwater interactions, coastal aquifers and salt water intrusion, karst hydrogeology and sustainable water resources management for resolution of the groundwater quantity and quality problems. We invite all researchers to the 71st Geological Congress of Turkey to share and discuss recent researches on these topics.
- LOCAL ADMINISTRATION – URBANIZATION AND GEOLOGY
Turgut ÖZTAŞ – Chamber of Geological Engineers of Turkey
Remzi KARAGÜZEL – İstanbul Technical University
İrfan YEŞİLNACAR – Harran University
Even in different sizes, all human settlements are in a part of nature. For this reason, the historical, cultural and natural environment that provides the continuity of past to the future as well as the surface – underground richness that nature provides, and the macro – micro risk cases that nature has explicit or hidden, must be recognized first and defined with positive – negative characteristics and spreads. All these natural phenomena should be examined considering all possible interactions with existing and possible settlement areas, with the determinations to be made during the planning phase while maximizing the opportunities of the ability to use natural resources on the other hand the probability to meet encountering natural and/or anthropogenic problems that may occur during and after implementation – structuring should be minimized. At this point, local administrations’ level of consciousness and directive decision making mechanisms about the issue are vital importance.
The situation requires “urban geology” studies which applies every kind of information and finding, initially “regional and areal” and later on “local and point”, to planning, structuring, making livable, renewing, and elaborating terrestrial problems of human settlements. In this context, urban geology uses terrestrial data at the making decisions about urban planning – implementing and solving settlement problems, designates site selections, current and possible structuring conditions, renwing situations, new extension areas, and apparent / possible problems of cities and city elements and produces solutions to all natural and anthropogenic origin problems.
The major urban geological studies that should be carried out in the context of creating a city that is planned, developed, lived and renewed, in brief made sustainable by local governments can be summarized under the following main titles as ; terrestrial analysis, terrestrial synthesis, terrestrial planning decisions production, making decisions about site selection for habitation / settlement areas – units, examination of habitation / settlement areas at regional / local planning and practices, examination on suitability for structuring, sustainability studies, structured environmental analysis, reconstruction (recycle – conversion) studies, determination of strategies, areas, and direction of potential urban development.
- MAGMATISM AND MAGMATIC PROCESSES
Ercan ALDANMAZ – Kocaeli University
Sibel TATAR ERKÜL – Akdeniz University
Özgür KARAOĞLU – Eskişehir Osmangazi University
Francis O. DUDAS – Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
Dear colleagues, we would like to encourage you to contribute to a session on “Magmatism and Magmatic Processes” that has been scheduled for the 71st Geological Congress of Turkey, which will take place from 23 to 27 April 2018 in Ankara, Turkey. The aim of this session is to discuss all aspects of magmatic processes and to integrate petrogenetic, geochemical and geodynamic constraints to advance our understanding of magma generation in variable tectonic settings. This session will cover a wide range of magmatic processes that occur within the Earth’s mantle and crust. It will host discussions on subjects such as the conditions and products of primary melting in the mantle, tectonic controls on magma genesis, and the processes and time-scales of melt transport and storage. We encourage all contributions that describe petrologic, geochemical, mineralogical and other approaches to understanding volcanic and plutonic rock systems in terms of source regions, differentiation processes and geodynamic significance.
- MARINE, LACUSTRINE AND COASTAL GEOLOGY
Erol SARI – İstanbul University
Kadir Kürşat ERİŞ – İstanbul Technical University
Demet BİLTEKİN – Ordu University
Pierre Henry – CEREGE, France
This session generally contains marine and coastal geology subjects of the Sea of Marmara, Mediterranean and Black seas. However, this session also includes subjucts regarding to geology and past climate studies of Turkish lakes. In this context, this session is related to those titles given below:
Geological evolution and neotectonic of marine and lacustrine basins
Coastal geomorphology and processes
Sea and lake level changes together with past shorelines
Paleoceanography, paleolinmology, water exchanges between Mediterranean and Black Sea
Paleoclimate and earthquake records on marine and lacustrine sediments
Hydrocarbon and mineral sources of seas
Sediment pollution in marine and lake sediments
- MASTERS SESSION
Ayhan KÖSEBALABAN – Chamber of Geological Engineers of Turkey
Ali YILMAZ – Cumhuriyet University
Ali Vedat ÖYGÜR – Chamber of Geological Engineers of Turkey
Geology is based on observations and cannot be learned just from books. The profession is basically learned in the field through master apprentice relations from the knowledge passed on from an Experienced Geologist.
Taking this reality into consideration, retired geological engineers who have contributed to the geology of Turkey are asked to share their knowledge and experiences with the young generation of geological engineers. Experienced Geologists are invited to talk about the problems they encountered and the measures they took to solve them.
In particular speakers are invited to talk about their personal experiences, studies on determination and definition of active faults and nature originated disasters, geotechnical studies of important engineering structures like bridge, dam, thermic power plants etc., studies on mineral deposits, oil explorations, water resources, environment etc. Speakers are also asked to talk about how and when geological studies relating to natural resources forming the basis of the industry in Turkey started and developed.
- MEDICAL GEOLOGY
Muzaffer METİNTAŞ – Eskişehir Osmangazi University
Yüksel ÖRGÜN – İstanbul Technical University
Engin TUTKUN – Bozok University
Jochen BUNDSCHUH – University of Southern Queensland, Australia
Iosif VOLFSON – Russian Geological Society, Russia
The main purpose of “Medical Geology”, which is defined as an interdisciplinary science, studying the relationship between the geological environment with elements, minerals, rocks, soil and water and environmental health, has been defined as “to understand the related diseases and to contribute to the planning of protective and preventive public health services”.
A large number of medical geology sessions will take place in the 71st Geological Congress of Turkey, whose main theme is “Geology and Health”, in the partnership of scientists related to medicine and earth sciences. We invite you with your oral and poster presentations, which will be supported by various scholarships, and questions, opinions and suggestions, in order to evaluate and discuss the “Environment and Human Health” interactions, to expand the field of medical geology science and to support the determination of the protective public health policies of our country.
- METALLIC MINERAL DEPOSITS
Necati TÜYSÜZ – Karadeniz Technical University
Mustafa KUMRAL – İstanbul Technical University
Mustafa CİHAN – Öksüt Mining Co.
Enver AKARYALI – Gümüşhane University
Demand for mineral resources due to technological innovations has markedly grown in the last fifty years. Nevertheless, it will continue to increase to meet the needs in cutting edge technologies such as batteries of electric vehicles, solar panels, wind turbines, etc. However, there will be many challenges to supply such mineral commodities to the society. it requires a lot of expertise and efforts. Hence, The Turkish Geological Society lays on a new venue as one of its long standing scientific organizations for those interested in any aspects of economic geology to get together and share their knowledge.
Considering the high costs in mineral exploration and mining, it is essential to discuss the issues and share the experiences and previous findings in such a transnational organization for discovering new mineral resources for the benefit of human kind and also creating career opportunities for next generation exploration geologists.
- METAMORPHISM AND METAMORPHIC PROCESSES
Ali Polat – Windsor University, Canada
Gültekin TOPUZ – İstanbul Technical University
Gürsel SUNAL – İstanbul Technical University
Metamorphism, among the other geological processes, is one of the issue that is the most complicated and needed different disciplines to understand. Metamorphism is closely related to mineral chemistry, the thermodynamics and the structural geology. The main purposes of the session set out in the 71st Turkish Geological Congress are the tectonic processes leading to metamorphism, factors that affect metamorphism and their spatial and temporal distribution. In this session, beside the new studies dealing with relationships between metamorphism and tectonics, abstracts including new methods and approaches related to determination of temperature and pressure conditions of the metamorphism will especially be accepted either. How formation of minerals in metamorphic rocks and their relationships between each other take shape during prograde and retrograde metamorphism will be one of the main subjects of the session. In a regional scale, relationship between metamorphic belts, orogenesis and the subduction belts are the subjects considered to be discussed in the session.
- NATURAL BULDING STONES AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
Cahit HELVACI – Dokuz Eylül University
Atiye TUĞRUL – İstanbul University
Bahadır YAVUZ – Dokuz Eylül University
The Geological Congress of Turkey, which began in 1947 and is a long established, respected scientific event for earth sciences in Turkey, will be held for the seventy-first time at the METU Culture and Convention Center on 23-27 April 2018. In the session of “Natural Stone and Industrial Minerals”, investigations, which has a special significance for geologists, carried out on building and dimension stone and industrial minerals will be presented. In this context investigations deal with the subjects given below will be evaluated. Additionally other subjects close the main topics will be also evaluated by the committee of the session.
We would like to receive your contributions and suggestions in order to get this session successful.
Aggregates (concrete and asphalt aggregates, ballast, embankments materials, armourstones etc.)
Geological parameters effecting usability of stones as dimensional stone (marble, pavement stone and decorative stones).
The evaluation of waste materials of stone quarries.
Natural stones used in antique and historical buildings and for artistic objects.
Deterioration types in stones used in engineering projects.
Protection and restoration of natural stone.
Production and processing technologies of natural stone.
Natural stone and architectural design.
Raw materials for ceramic and glass industry.
Raw materials for cement industry and mineral additives.
Brick and tile raw materials for brick and tile.
Other usage of natural stones (stone wool, cast basalt, fiber etc.)
Salts, clays, evaporates and other industrial minerals
- NATURAL DISASTERS and DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Orhan TATAR – Cumhuriyet University
Şükrü ERSOY – Yıldız Technical University
Bülent ÖZMEN – Gazi University
Turkey is subject to frequent natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, mass movement, storms, cyclone, drought etc., are often experience. When adequate measures have not been taken, These events turn into disaster and They lead to loss of life and property. Because of disaster, 2-5% of Turkey national income is lost every year. In order to reduce these losses, It is necessary to comprehensive interdisciplinary studies and these studies should be managed effectively. Disaster management can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in prticular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters. Geoscience has important responsibilities in all phases of disaster management.
The management focused on mitigation of disaster losses should be accomplished only by comprehensive interdisciplinary efforts and the contributions of geologists. For effective and sustainable disaster management, legislation, administrative, technical, and scientific methods should be determined before disaster period. In essence, this approach adopts a risk management approach rather than crisis. In this session, how to ordinary natural phenomena turned into disaster, and mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery efforts, the mission of earthscientists in disasters will be discussed with the valuable presentations of data collected from some regions of Turkey and abroad.
Natural disasters and Disaster management section will be presented all kinds of articles related to natural disasters and disaster mangement.
- NEOTECTONICS AND SEISMICITY
Hasan SÖZBİLİR – Dokuz Eylül University
Süha ÖZDEN – Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University
Veysel IŞIK – Ankara University
Abdolrezza GHODS – Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Iran
Volkan KARABACAK – Eskişehir Osmangazi University
Crustal movements such as earthquakes and volcanic activity over the past year in the world scale have caused the community to concentrate on the “Living Earth” as well as scientists dealing with earth sciences. The catastrophic events have provided important information about the neotectonic period and the seismicity of the regions in addition to their cause of life and property losses. In this context, it is known that the data collected through a number of national and international projects on geologic, seismological, geodetic features and paleoseismological history of the seismic sources causing the earthquakes. In order to present these data and discuss the results, we invite you to participate in the “Neotectonics and Seismicity” session of the 71st Geological Congress of Turkey, 5-day festival of earth sciences.
OPHIOLITE AND MELANGE
Osman Parlak – Çukurova University
İbrahim Uysal – Karadeniz Technical University
Utku Bağcı – Mersin University
Ophiolites, on-land fragments of oceanic lithosphere, are the key to understanding processes involved in the evolution of oceanic basins. Ophiolites display variable internal structure, pseudostratigraphy, geochemical composition and feature in many different orogenic belts of different age. They are interpreted to have formed in a wide range of tectonic settings, including mid-ocean ridge, back-arc and fore-arc. Numerous models exist for oceanic crust generation, metamorphic sole and melange formation, tectonic emplacement and ore genesis.
The aims of this session are to discuss (i) recent scientific advances on ophiolites of Tethyan belt and surroundings, (ii) mantle melting and melt/rock interaction, (iii) metamorphic processes during formation and emplacements and (iv) melange genesis. We warmly welcome a large number of scientists from Turkey, Asia, Europe and America for fruitful discussions on this topic.
- PALEONTOLOGY AND BIOSTRATIGRAPHY
Atike NAZİK – Çukurova University
Ercan ÖZCAN – Istanbul Technical University
Aynur HAKYEMEZ – General Directorate Of Mineral Research And Explorations
Bilal SARI – Dokuz Eylül University
The systematic description of the fossil fauna and flora and correlating and assigning the relative ages of rock strata by using the fossil assemblages are fundamental in understanding the Earth’s biologic and geological evolution. Moreover, fossils provide insights for the past climate, environment and patterns of evolution. The temporal and spatial distribution of fauna and flora are key in understanding the bio-provinces and their interactions. The ‘Paleontology and Biostratigraphy’ session encompasses all aspects of paleontology such as taxonomy, biostratigraphy, evolution, paleoecology-environment, paleoclimatology and paleobiogeography. The original researches in any of these disciplines are highly welcome.
- PRECIOUS – SEMI PRECIOUS STONES
Murat HATİPOĞLU – Dokuz Eylül University
Hamit Haluk SELİM – Istanbul Ticaret University
Meltem GÜRBÜZ – Mersin University
Ayten ÇALIK – Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University
Therefore, gemstones, if they are of good quality, differ from metallic and other industrial minerals and natural building stones because they do not need bulky excavations and large production amounts, even though they have ore of low tenor and small reserves. Gemstones, because of the reasons that can be shortly expressed as beauty and attractiveness emerged from the original physico-chemical properties as well as rarity, are the general definitions for the resultant specially valued mineral (ore), rock and petrified organic material. Gemology covers all scientific and commercial activities related to precious and semi-precious gemstones (such as the geology, mining, lapidary, identification, synthetic production, artificial treatment, mounting to novel metals, marketing, and also archeogemology). However, the economic impact of gemology and related industries has not yet been realized. Hence, “Precious Semi-precious Gemstones Session” of the symposium welcomes the proceeding abstracts of all original research, review and case presentation relating to gemological materials (gem-minerals, gem-rocks and gem-petrified organic formations).
- QUATERNARY STUDIES
Ahmet Evren ERGİNAL – Ardahan University
Catherine KUZUCUOĞLU – The National Center for Scientific Research-CNRS, France
Yeşim BÜYÜKMERİÇ – Bülent Ecevit University
The Quaternary is the most recent geological period of time in Earth’s history, beginning 2588000 years ago and continuing to the present day. The Quaternary period is characterized by a series of large-scale environmental changes that have profoundly affected and shaped both landscapes and life on Earth. One of the most distinctive features of the Quaternary is to have ongoing consecutive cycles with long lasting glacial stages (build-up of major continental ice sheets and mountain ice caps) and shorter warm episodes (interglacials), of which temperatures were similar to or higher than today. Turkey is situated in between intercontinental basins of the Black, Marmara, Aegean, and Eastern Mediterranean seas with their connecting straits and coasts. The periodic episodes caused the connections and isolations of these basins were repeatedly connected and isolated from each other. Thus, it is very important (1) to reveal Quaternary geological history with the integration of stratigraphic, sedimentological, geochemical, palaeontological, ecological and molecular data to identify the critical environmental conditions and processes involved (2) to focus on paleoenvironmental and paleolandscapes changes (climate, glacials, sea level fluctuation, coastline migration, volcanism, etc.) and (3) to understand human response (archeologhy, paleoantropology, migration, subsistence strategy, physical and cultural adaptation, etc.) to environmental changes. Furthermore, understanding long‐term natural biotic and abiotic drivers of marine, lacustrine and terrestrial systems in the past 2.6 million years will also help to obtain valuable information about the current response of environmental and biodiversity crises to rising natural‐ and human‐induced perturbations.
- REGIONAL GEOLOGY AND TECTONICS
Aral OKAY – Istanbul Technical University
Bora ROJAY – Middle East Technical University
Erman ÖZSAYIN – Hacettepe University
Bora UZEL – Dokuz Eylül University
Derek THORKELSON – Simon Fraser University, Canada
Ivan ZAGORCHEV – Bulgarian Academy of Science, Bulgaria
This session composing regional scale studies will include the results or preliminary results of multidisciplinary researches on important geological processes and/or boundaries. These researches generally focus on the spatio-temporal distributions of the stratigraphic rock units, the structural elements and deformation styles affecting them, the climate and eustatic sea level changes, and related geological processes in a regional perspective.
In context of this session, these observation/data-based researches will create a discussion atmosphere for the better understanding of the previously proposed tectonic models and for the development of new perspectives by revealing the deficiencies in these models. For young earthscientists at MSc or PhD level, this session will also be an important platform to bring up their data in a scientific discussion, and to share their information on regional interpretations.
- REMOTE SENSING AND GIS
Kaan Şevki KAVAK – Cumhuriyet University
Can AYDAY – Eskişehir Anadolu University
Bekir Taner SAN – Akdeniz University
Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems are becoming more and more widely used every day due to the equipment that will benefit the understanding and observation of earth sciences in Geological Engineers more effectively. Remote sensing technology and methods have become one of the indispensable tools of earth sciences at a time when the importance of spatial data has increased. Nowadays, these methods have made a great contribution to the creation of geological maps in a controlled manner in large areas. The same methods provide interferometry to detect the horizontal and vertical displacements in the earth’s crust and provide information during the monitoring and evaluation of natural disasters such as earthquakes. In addition to these, in addition to Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems, a large number of spatial data can be interpreted in a short time and studies can be made to reveal the mineral zones in the alteration zone. Again with these new technologies and methods, geosciences are able to open up new areas of renewable energy exploration (e.g. wind, solar and geothermal). For these reasons, we invite you to work in the field of remote sensing and geographical information systems, we are inviting you to share in the 71st Turkish Geology Congress together with all of Turkey and look forward to your abstracts.
- SEDIMENTOLOGY AND SEDIMENTARY PROCESSES
Mehmet ÖZKUL – Pamukkale University
Faruk OCAKOĞLU – Eskişehir Osmangazi University
Ulvican ÜNLÜGENÇ – Çukurova University
Ezher TAGLIASACCHI – Pamukkale University
Dear Earth Scientists and the researchers who meet the surface processes including weathering, erosion and deposition, The responsibility of carrying out the session “Sedimentology and Sedimentary Processes” in the frame of the 71st Turkish Geological Symposium to be held in April 2018 in Ankara was given to us. We believe that this traditionally highly attractive session will be successfully realized with your essential contribution as a speaker or audience this year. Due to physical, biological and geochemical facets of the phenomenon that form the base of sedimentology, this session has a multi-disciplinary character which increases the impact of presentations there.
We will be honored to host you with potential contributions ranging in topic from weathering and accumulation processes functioning in quite different climates and regions across the globe to sedimentary rocks that formed under completely different conditions in the deep earth history.
We wish happy days and fruitful works.
SPECIAL SESSION ON AYVACIK – LESVOS (MYTILINI) – BODRUM – KOS EARTHQUAKES AND TSUNAMIS
Tuncay Taymaz – İstanbul Technical University
Stathis Stiros – University of Patras, Greece
Ahmet C. Yalçıner – Middle East Technical University
Nuretdin Kaymakçı – Middle East Technical University
This session is aimed to provide a platform for understanding the mechanism, kinematics and geodynamic settings of Ayvacık, Lesvos (Mytilini) and Bodrum–Kos (the Gulf of Gökova) earthquakes in the Aegean Sea. It includes utilization of satellite geodesy data (GNSS, InSAR and dense local GPS arrays) to control static and dynamic ground deformation and in combination with seismological and strong motion data to compute finite-fault models. Such models are then used as input for modeling of strong motions, of tsunamis, and of diverse seismological parameters, and for identification of the fault pattern and its geological, geomorphological and seismological implications. Case studies associated with post-tsunami surveys, eyewitness reports, measurements of run-up traces, methods and results of tsunami numerical modeling, assessments with observations and measurements are encouraged. We invite contributions from all multi-disciplinary fields of the Earth Sciences to share their observations and proficiencies for our mutual interests.