Session Topics



Orhan TatarCumhuriyet University
Okan Tüysüzİstanbul Technical University
Igor ZagorchevBulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria
Spyros PavlidesAristotle University, Greece
The Anatolian Peninsula is a region where continental collision occurred during the Miocene in the east, and in which subduction is still taking place in the West. Consequently, intracontinental convergence is occurring in the east at the same time that much of the Peninsula has extruded westward onto the Eastern Mediterranean litosphere, along two seismically active and morphologically distinct strike-slip zones coupled with the Hellenic subduction system. This extrusion has been accompanied by active internal deformation. Magmatism characterizes all of the zones of Anatolia, also providing a superb laboratory for the study of relationship between lithospheric deformation and magmatism. The geology of Turkey has played a critical role in the development of models of continental deformation since the rise of plate tectonics. In this session, we aim to discuss the regional geological and tectonic studies carried out in Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean region and the Aegean in a broader sense.


Ali ÖzçağlarAnkara University  
Harun TaşkıranAnkara University
Nevra ErtürkMimar Sinan Fine Arts University
Sturt ManningCornell University, USA

Geography as a discipline examines the interaction between communities and natural environment, the relation between people and place. In this respect, geography`s close relation with culture will be discussed in “Geography and Culture” session. Effects of geography on the planning, conservation and management processes of archaeological sites, historic sites and historic urban landscapes; effects of geography on spatial and material differences, as well as architectural design in the context of geography and archictecture; relation of geography with materials and techniques used in the conservation and restoration practices; effects of climate and climate change in historical buildings and environment; use of geographic references in disaster risk management of historical buildings and sites; use of geographic references in the sustainable conservation and management of World Heritage sites; relation between geography and cultural diversity are the topics to be disscussed in this session.

“Geography and Culture” session is a scientific platform in which all conceptual, theoretical and pratical works including distinctive results will be presented.


Hüseyin YalçınCumhuriyet University
Musa AlpaslanMersin University
Cüneyt GülerMersin University
İbrahim AkkurtPrivate Sector

This session covers the following topics:
From the Environmental Geology perspective, assessment of environmental effects of physical, chemical and biological pollution in rocks, soils, water and plants caused by natural and anthropogenic activities, as well as pollution related to activities such as mining, agriculture and industry.
From the Medical Geology perspective, put forth the health problems related to living organisms and the environment which stem from interaction of physical, biological and social environments, and as well as their solutions.
From the Environmental Management perspective, discuss administrative, technical, legal, political, economic, financial, social and cultural tools for the determination of policies and strategies in local, regional, national and global levels, for the sustainable use of natural and artificial environmental elements and for their development.


Namık Çağatayİstanbul Technical University
Erol Sarıİstanbul University
Thomas LittSteinmann Institute of Geology, Germany

This session covers all aspects of marine, lacustrine and coastal geology, especially those topics related to the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Sea of Marmara and Turkish lakes. The specific topics of interest include:

  • Geological evolution and neotectonics of marine and lake basins
  • Coastal geomorphology and its processes
  • Sea/lake level and coastline changes
  • Paleoceanography, Paleolimnology, water mass exchanges between Mediterranean and Black seas
  • Paleoclimate and earthquake sedimentary records of marine and lacustrine basins
  • Marine mineral and hydrocarbon resources
  • Pollution of marine and lake sediments


Sabah Yılmaz ŞahinIstanbul University
Tamer RızaoğluKahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University

Precious and Semi-Precious Stones, in the general sense “Gemstones” have been attracting the attention of people with their color, glamorous brilliance and allure as the symbol of wealth and power since ancient times. And also, they became the symbol of civilization by being used in buildings, artistic designs and the places where the human communities live.

Although the precious and semi-precious stones that defined in the 5th group mines by the General Directorates of Mineral Research and Exploration (MTA) and Mining Affairs (MİGEM) given place on different platforms from time to time in our country; due to their economic benefits and potential have not yet sufficiently been discovered reveals the need to make scientific investigation on Precious and Semi-Precious Stones. Therefore, the new session named “Precious and Semi-Precious Stones” will take place in the 70th Geological Congress of Turkey for the first time and these topics will be discussed in all aspects. In particular, in addition to the description, classification, identification, versatile usage areas and reveal the compliance with the standards of natural materials, it is intended to be included the researches on  Precious and Semi-precious stones in our country and the world.
The studies on Precious and Semi-Precious Stones and Natural Construction Materials have been the subject of research in different fields such as prospecting, mining, stone processing, jewelry and other scientific studies. On the other hand, in addition to the relation of gemology which is a science related to the precious and semi-precious stones with the fields such as geology, archeology and mining, and the analytical techniques; the important presentations and discussions are expected on the topics such as mining legislation, processing, restructuring in the jewelry sector, marketing, branding and ethical issues.


Atiye Tuğrulİstanbul University
A. Bahadır YavuzDokuz Eylul University
Mümtaz ÇolakDokuz Eylul University

In this section, investigations, which has a special significance for geologists, carried out on building and dimensional stones and industrial minerals will be presented. In this context investigations deal with the subjects given below will be evaluated. Additionally other subjects close the main topics will be also evaluated by the committee of the section.
Natural Building Stones

  • Aggregates (concrete, asphalt, ballast, embankments materials, armour stones est.)
  • Geological parameters effecting usability of stones as dimensional stone (marble, pavement stone and decorative stones).
  • The evaluation of leftover materials of stone quarries.
  • Natural stones used in antique and historical buildings and for artistic objects.
  • Deterioration types in stones used in engineering projects.
  • Protection and restoration of natural stone.
  • Production and processing technologies of natural stone.
  • Natural stone and architectural design.

Industrial Minerals

  • Raw materials for ceramic and glass industry.
  • Raw materials for cement industry and mineral additives.
  • Brick and tile raw materials for brick and tile.
  • Other usage of natural stones (stone wool, cast basalt, fiber etc.)


Bülent Özmen Gazi University, Ankara
Ö. Murat YavaşDisaster and Emergency Man. Presidency

Turkey is subject to frequent natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, , mass movement, storms, cyclone, drought etc., are often experience. When adequate measures have not been taken, These events turn into disaster and They lead to loss of life and property. Because of disaster, 2-5% of Turkey national income is lost every year. In order to reduce these losses, It is necessary to comprehensive interdisciplinary studies and this studies should be managed effectively. Disaster management can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in prticular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters. Geoscience has important responsibilities in all phases of disaster management.
Natural disasters and Disaster management section will be presented all kinds of articles related to natural disasters and disaster mangement.


Hülya İnanerDokuz Eylul University
José Brilha Mınho University, Portekiz
Radoslav Nakov Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria

Geopark and Geotourism are two phenomenons which has been developed in the recent years that could bring together and combine the awareness of the earth scientists about preservation of the nature as well as the education of public and sustainable development targets of the society. All countries need to have both the preservation of the nature and to utilize the nature. Especially Turkey, the eastern Europe and the Middle East region have many geological heritages which should be protected, and therefore have geopark and geotourism potentials. It is our common responsibility to introduce these rich assets to public through the hands of earth scientists.
With these thoughts, the session was organized with the expectations to carry out studies in order to form geoparks in accordance with the UNESCO criteria, ideas about geopark management, to include the local authorities in the geotourism, to find the balance between nature preservation-geotourism, to discuss the issues related with geopark and geotourism education etc., and presentations about successful examples in different counties are expected to be presented. Geopark and geotourism are open public application of geosciences. Thus, all the nature investigators, nature lovers and geoscientists are expected to give presentations and/or to get involved in the session as debaters and/or listeners.


Ali İhsan Karayiğit Hacettepe University
Zühtü Batı Turkısh Petroleum
Kimon ChristanisPatras University, Greece

Energy sources such as conventional & unconventional hydrocarbons and coal have an essential role in development of each and every country. In the Fossil Fuels session, basinal and regional scale geological studies taking place in Turkey and also in the other parts of the world about exploration & production of the energy sources will be discussed in detail; new findings and assessment of these findings will be shared and exchange views with the audience.
Within this context, in addition to sharing information about ongoing geological studies in the unconventional hydrocarbon bearing basins in the world and Turkey with geoscience community; it is very important to start a debate about the estimated reserve numbers of unconventional hydrocarbon sources within Turkey`s sedimentary basins.
In the same manner, discussion on geological studies about the recent coal discoveries which substantially increased Turkey`s coal reserves is important for the Fossil Fuels session. Furthermore, the audience will be encouraged to discuss environmental friendly exploration & production of fossil fuels and their consumption as the major energy sources.


Mehmet ÇelikAnkara University
Fatma Gültekin Karadeniz Technical University
Ahmet Apaydın General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works
Maren BrehmeGFA German Research Centre For geosciences, Germany

Sustainable Use of Groundwater: How to achieve sustainable use of groundwater? Climate change and sustainable use of groundwater in relation to the quality of groundwater, managing groundwater in tunnels, mining and excavations, managing aquifers recharge and storage, how to extract and use groundwater heat?
Groundwater Flow Systems Behaviour: How to investigate mineral and thermal groundwater systems? Solving the problems in karst hydrogeology, studing the effect of the aquitards on groundwater flow, investigating porous and fractured aquifers from local to regional scale.
Groundwater/Surface Water Relation: Investigating grondwater/surface water relation, managing and using groundwater and surface water.
Groundwater Management in Coastal Areas: Quantifing submarine groundwater discharge in coastal areas, studing and managing coastal groundwater resources, investigating groundwater influence marine ecosystems.
Groundwater Contamination and Protection: Studing the hydrogeological behaviour of aquifer systems in urban and industrial areas, analysing/simulating the transport of contaminants in different media, evaluation of the effects of pollution, determining the type of pollution source.
Other Topics: Transboundary waters, water politics, etc.


Nurgül Çelik Balcı İstanbul Technical University
Cüneyt Şen Karadeniz Technical University

This session encompasses geochronological studies that calibrate the timing of geologic processes or events and applications of traditional and non-traditional isotopes to igneous, environmental and biogeochemical processes. Recent development of analytical methods of geochemical analysis allowed us to use many new isotopic systems (e.g., Hf, Os, He etc) besides the determination of highly sensitive isotopic ratios. Isotopic analysis on whole-rock and minerals as well as water and gas provide important information on the solution of earth science problems. In this regards, we kindly invite studies  containing any type of isotopic data and their interpretation.


İ. Hakkı Karamanderesi Private sector, İzmir
Ahmet YıldızAfyon Kocatepe University
Hafize Akıllı Gen. Directorate of Mineral Research and Exp.

Geothermal energy draws attention increasingly in countries where volcanic processes were effective and it is dwell on exploration and utilization methods. In recent years, the enterprises have accelerated and the new firms have activated in our geothermal energy industry. There are many controversial topics in Turkey and these problems have tended to growing increasingly. In the geothermal session, it was aimed to discuss and produce solutions of these problems and it was expected the following subjects in national and international proceedings:

  • The geothermal geology and hydrogeology
  • The geothermal energy potential of Turkey
  • The present state of geothermal systems in regions, expect for Western Anatolia
  • The role of volcanism activities on geothermal system model, samples from Turkey
  • The problems encountered in applications, new trends and technological developments in the geothermal resource exploration, management and development processes.
  • The hydrogeochemical properties of geothermal fluids
  • The sustainable usage and environmental impacts of geothermal fluids
  • The project management and financing
  • The problems in the law no 5686 and solutions proposals to solve these problems
  • The comparison methods of law no 5686 to its the international application cases
  • The roles and responsibilities of the research and training institutions on exploration, management and utilization of geothermal energy
  • Other subjetcs

We believe that 70th Geological Congress of Turkey With International Participation will succeed with participations and contributions of public institutions, local authorities and private sector.


Catherine Kuzucuoglu The National Center for Scientific Research, France
M. Akif SarıkayaIstanbul Technical University
Mehmet Korhan ErturaçSakarya University

The Quaternary is the most recent geological period, which covers the last 2.6 million years of Earth`s history. In a broad sense, the characteristics of this last geological period can be defined as global climate fluctuations marked by glacial and interglacial periods. These climatic changes were highly influential on Human evolution and dispersion. Quaternary studies cover fields such as geology, geomorphology and ecology and largely benefits from interdisciplinary research combining climate sciences, paleontology, paleoanthropology, archaeology, biology, astronomy, physics and mathematics. All these disciplines, aided with high-resolution chronology, aim to relate the earth system processes with human impact. Quaternary studies aim to and can shed light on past and future of the Earth.
The “Quaternary Research” session in the “70. Geological Congress of Turkey: Cultural Geology and Geological Heritage” invites you for the presentation of interdisciplinary research, focusing on climate changes, geomorphology, fluvial, lacustrine and glacial geology, volcanology, paleontology, archaeology, paleoanthropology, coastal-marine geology and speleology. There will be discussions on tectonic/climate control on landscape and sedimentary record, dating techniques, earth system response to climate changes and human/earth interactions.


Zekiye Karacıkİstanbul Technical University
Kaan SayitMiddle East Technical University
Ercan Aldanmaz Kocaeli University

We would like to encourage you to contribute to a session on “Magmatism and Magmatic Processes” that has been scheduled for the 70th Geological Congress of Turkey, which will take place from 10 to 14 April 2016 in Ankara, Turkey. The aim of this session is to discuss all aspects of magmatic processes and to integrate petrogenetic, geochemical and geodynamic constraints to advance our understanding of magma generation in variable tectonic settings. This session will cover a wide range of magmatic processes that occur within the Earth‘s mantle and crust. It will host discussions on subjects such as the conditions and products of primary melting in the mantle, tectonic controls on magma genesis, and the processes and time-scales of melt transport and storage. We encourage all contributions that describe petrologic, geochemical, mineralogical and other approaches to understanding volcanic and plutonic rock systems in terms of source regions, differentiation processes and geodynamic significance.


İlkay KuşçuMuğla Sıtkı Koçman University
İbrahim Sönmez Sayılı Private Sector

Turkey, hosting the Eurpoe`s largest porphyry gold deposit,  is considered to be one of the countries with significant mineralization potential. As part of the great Tethyan metallogenic belt, the mineral deposits in Turkey have been the prime target for national and international investment for years. The identification and presentation of this potential to young generations, and putting constructive scientific discussions on these deposits are the priorities and the main objectives  of the mineral deposits session at the Turkish Geological Congress. In this respect, the Mineral Deposits session to be held at the 70. Turkish Geological Congress forms a sound scientific platform to discuss and present the research and results related to the Turkish mineral deposits. The research on the genesis and modelling, geochemistry of the ore deposits are most welcome at this platform. The introducing and presenting new research and techniques on the exploation and prospection of ore deposits are also welcome. The oral and poster presentations on the general themes to be included in this session are listed below:

  • Introduction, identification and presentation of mineral deposits hosted by micrcontinental fragments in Turkey
  • Presentating new research on the new techniques in the study of mineral deposits
  • The source and characteristics of ore-bearing solutions and their systematics
  • The timing of mineralization, and geochronology of mineral deposits
  • Spatial and tenmporal associations between magmatism and mineralization
  • New techniques and methods in mineral exploration
  • Geological evolution and and structural aspects of mineral deposits in Turkish metallogenic provinces
  • The correlation and comparison of mineral deposits in Turkey with those within regional Tethyan belt
  • Mineral exploration programs; the problems in mineral exploration in Turkey and suggestions for the  solution of these problems


Ersin KoralayDokuz Eylül University, İzmir
Ali PolatWindsour University, Kanada
Mohssen MoazzenTabriz University, İran

It has been more than 200 years since the first use of the term “metamorphic” to describe recrystallized rocks. Following their burial in different tectonic settings, rocks undergo various degrees of metamorphism that is followed mainly by their uplift through different tectonic mechanisms. There has been a significant progress in recent years in determination of type of metamorphism and its grade. Recent advances in analytical techniques have triggered new interest in the study of metamorphism and metamorphic processes in the world. Despite the presence of various metamorphic belts in our country, they have not received enough attention from the national researchers. Therefore, it is important for the young researchers to see the attendance and presentations of senior researchers in this traditional conference so that they can gain new insights into metamorphic petrology. We hope to see the presentations of new studies in Turkey and surrounding countries by national and international researchers in the session of “Metamorphism and Metamorphic Processes”, with an objective that can lead to the establishment of multi-disciplinary research groups.


Halil KumsarPamukkale University
Ayhan KoçbayGeneral Directorate of State Hydraulic Works
Levent SelçukYüzüncü Yıl University

In the engineering geology and geotechnical sessions of the 70th Turkish Geological Congress, it is aimed to discuss the presentations on theoretical, experimental and applied studies. In this scope, the presentations on the following subjects will be evaluated.

  • Physical, mechanical and weathering features of rock and soil environments, and their behavior under static and dynamic conditions.
  • Numerical analyses, physical modelling and the application of their results to projects
  • Mass movements, slope stability and engineering  precautions
  • Improvement of soil and rock environments
  • Engineering geology and geotechnical studies in dam, tunnel, metro, bridge, viaduct, railway, surface and underground mining and storage applications
  • Engineering geology and geotechnical studies and applications in urbanization
  • Effect of surface and groundwater on engineering geology and geotechnical projects
  • Development and application of geographic  information systems in engineering geology studies
  • Engineering geology and geotechnical investigations in historical sites and buildings


Veysel IşıkAnkara University
Volkan Karabacak Eskişehir Osmangazi University
Abdolrezza GhodsInst. for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Iran

Turkey and its surroundings, one of the typical regions in the earth, have assembled the plate`s interactions, accompanied by geological features in Wilson cycle. In this respect, the region is an excellent naturally laboratory for exploring different tectonic processes covering opening and closing ocean basins and orogens, and structures though the geological histories. Furthermore, the Anatolian micro-plate and neotectonic structures that have been formed by relative movement of the Eurasia, Africa and Arabian plates make the geology of Turkey special. Active fault zones generate significant earthquakes in the region. Neotectonic period of Turkey and its surroundings enable to designate pre-historical, historical earthquakes and deduce instrumental earthquakes and earthquake mechanism.
Neotectonic and Earthquake session of the 70th Turkey Geological Congress provide opportunity to present field, modelling and theoretical studies with one or multi-disciplinary and initiate scientific discussion on neotectonic, structure and earthquake of Turkey and Eastern Mediterranean region. We encourage submissions from scientists in all related disciplines, including geology, geomorphology, geophysics, geodesy and geochronology.


Afat SerjaniThe European Association fot the Conservation of the Geological Heritage, Albania
Fuat ŞaroğluTurkish Association for Conservation of the Geological Heritage, Ankara
Todor TodorovThe European Association fot the Conservation of the Geological Heritage
Zeki M. Hassan Kirkuk University, Iraq

With the present day understanding, the “Geological Heritage” is not only the natural assets of our country but are also silent teachers to learn about the geological past and why the nature should be protected, as well as being elements of international cooperation. These issues could serve sometimes to geoparks and sometimes to geotourism. Due to the closure of the Neotethys and Paratethys and the collusion of the African and Arabian plates with the Eurasian plate, Turkey and the surrounding regions have very rich geological heritage. “Eastern Europe and the Middle East Geological Heritage Session” of the Congress carries the purpose to put forward this Geological Heritage in our region.
During this session, the introduction of geological heritage and management, national and international cooperations will be handled, and examples with local, regional and global importance could be exhibited. Singular geological heritage elements realizations, inventory studies, framework list applications, and the strategies of geological heritage will be considered. The Session is open to all nature lovers willing to give presentations, local administrators and geoscientists that are interested in the Geological Heritage within the scope given above.


Uğur Kağan TekinHacettepe University
Dan GrigorescuUniversity of Bucharest
Mehmet Serkan AkkirazBalıkesir University
Aynur HakyemezGen. Directorate of Mineral Research and Exp.

This session aims at revealing and sharing out the current researches on stratigraphy and palaeontology. It will also be addressed interdisciplinary approaches related to stratigraphy and paleontology. The session welcomes contributions focusing on the taxonomy, palaeontology, stratigraphy, biostratigraphy, palaeoecology, sea-level changes, palaeoclimate, and as well as palaeoenvironment.


Mehmet ÖzkulPamukkale University
Hükmü OrhanSelçuk University
Ezher TokerPamukkale University

Continental, marine and coastal sediments, which may be deposited under different depositional conditions have important contribution in determining the environmental, climatic and tectonic characteristics of the sediments when they were deposited. In recent years, continental and coastal sediment have been intensely studied ; lacustrine and lagoon sediments in paleoclimatic studies, soft sediment deformation structures in seismic activity studies and  especially continental carbonate and accompanying siliciclatics in petroleum exploring because of their high potential for being a reservoir rocks. Besides, continental, marine and coastal sediments comprises economical material such as coal, ceramic clay, evaporites etc. In the Sedimentology session, continental, marine and coastal sediments, which have wide spreading in Turkey are  expected to be versatily evaluated,   to be discussed under new arguments and  to exchange ideas  by the participants.


Ruhi AkçılPrivate Sector
Celalettin ŞimşekDokuz Eylül University

It is expected the presentation subjects are;  recent drilling technology and application, drilling problems and overcoming down-hole problems, well design and construction, drilling equipment selection and efficient use, heath and safety at drilling, drilling mud and additives, drilling logging, recording and reporting.


Günay ErpulAnkara University
Selen Deviren Saygın Ankara University
Donald GabrielGhent University, Belgium

Soils are fundamental to life on Earth. We could not imagine a world without soils. Our life and civilization strictly depend on this thin surface layer. It is mostly known as the Critical Zone of our planet which is conceptually defined as the surface layer from the top of the vegetation canopy to the bottom of underground drinking water sources – “treetop to bedrock.” And it provides most of our life-sustaining resources and allows the essential functions of ecosystem within this zone. These functions include biomass production, storage and transmission of water, storage of carbon and reduced greenhouse gas emissions, nutrient transformations, pollutant transformations, providing biological habitat and maintaining Earth`s gene pool. But, human impacts with increasing civilization threat the sustainable use of soil resources and lead to reach critical limits of these resources due to that critical zone is so close human activities.
Since increasing resource demand with growing population led to soil degradation worldwide, it is very critical to call attention to this situation and much enhanced awareness among policy makers and the public. In the light of observations and evaluations, we are faced with serious threats on soil resources because of uncontrolled growing population, loss of protective vegetative cover, land use transformations, unsustainable land use and management practices, deforestation, pollution and climate change. The current rate of soil degradation threatens the capacity to meet the needs of future generations. Therefore, the promotion of sustainable soil and land management is central to ensuring a productive food system, improved rural livelihoods and healthy environment.
This session in seventieth International Symposium on Geology seeks to provide a forum for scientists to present new research on the following thematic issues for the sustainable soil/land management.

Thematic Sessions

  • Assessing anthropogenic effects on sustainability of soil resources
  • Future sustainability of healthy soils for agricultural production
  • Soil conservation and restoration of degraded soils for climate change resilience
  • Sustainable soil/land management
  • Soil biodiversity
  • Soil carbon sequestration for management of soil organic matter
  • Ecosystem service functions and practices of soils
  • Soils and diffuse pollution, and pollution control
  • Science policy interface on biodiversity and ecosystem services
  • Land degradation and restoration
  • Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in relation to Soil and Land (Land degradation neutral world (LDN)


Engin Öncü SümerGen. Directorate of Mineral Research and Exp.
Bekir Taner SanAkdeniz University

Information about the Earth we live in has been increased and the existing knowledges has been changed continuously with the advances in space and satellite technologies. In line with these developments, remote sensing have been used efficiently in all disciplines of earth sciences. Remote sensing studies which started with the aerial photos have been used with multispectral, hyperspectral, LIDAR, RADAR and nowadays unmanned aerial vehicles.

Geological Applications

  • Natural Resources Research
  • Mapping of mineral and alteration zones
  • Lithological mapping
  • Structural Geology / Active Tectonics
  • Hydrogeology

Environmental Studies

  • Natural disasters (floods, landslides, earthquakes)
  • Terrain Modeling
  • Marine, Coastal Studies
  • Change Detection
  • Erosion / Soil Mapping
  • Environmental Geochemistry Studies

Analysis / Processing Methods

  • The coalesced to the Multi-Band Data
  • RS & GIS Integration
  • Optical and Thermal Data Analysis
  • Hyperspectral Data Applications
  • Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) Applications
  • LIDAR Studies
  • Radar / InSAR / PSInSAR Studies
  • Classification Techniques

Geographical Information Systems (GIS) is the information technologies which collects, stores, processes and serves the coordinate based graphical and non-graphical information to the users. Nowadays in our world remote sensing and GIS are related with each other. Therefore, both of them are the effective and useful techniques for geological applications and the other disciplines related with geology. In 70th Geological Congress of Turkey, remote sensing and GIS techniques used in geology and their valuable results will be discussed.

Geological Applications

  • Production of Geological Maps
  • Basic Geological Data Production Accuracy
  • Basic Geology Metadata Generation
  • Digital Mapping Applications in The Field
  • GIS Integration of Remotely Sensed Geological Data
  • Produce Thematic Maps

National and International GIS Standards

  • Turkey‘s National Geological Data Standards
  • Turkey‘s National GIS Infrastructure (TUCBS-A) and Geology
  • Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe – INSPIRE Directive and Geology
  • Geology and Data Sharing Standards

Analysis / Processing Methods

  • GIS Analysis
  • GIS Web Applications
  • Open source GIS software applications
  • Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) with GIS Applications


Turgut ÖztaşUCTEA Chamber of Geological Engineers of Turkey
Bahattin Murat DemirMinistry of Envinronment and Urbanisation

  • Even in different sizes, all human settlements are in a part of nature. For this reason, the historical, cultural and natural environment that provides the continuity of past to the future as well as the surface – underground treasure that nature provides, and the macro – micro risk cases that nature has explicit or hidden, must be realized and recognized with positive – negative characteristics and spreads.
    All these natural phenomena should be examined considering all possible interactions with existing and possible settlement areas, with the determinations to be made during the planning phase while maximizing the opportunities of the ability to use natural resources on the other hand the probability to meet encountering natural and/or anthropogenic problems that may occur during and after application – structuring should be minimized.
    The situation requires “urban geology” studies which applies every kind of information and finding, initially “regional and areal” and later on “local and point”, to planning, structuring, making livable, renaissance, and elaborating terrestrial problems of human settlements. In this context, urban geology uses terrestrial data at the making decisions about urban planning – implementing and solving settlement problems, designates site selections, current and possible structuring conditions, transformations, new extension areas, and apparent/possible problems of cities and city elements and produces solutions to the problems. The major urban geological studies that should be carried out in the context of creating a city that is planned, developed, lived and renewed, in brief made sustainable by local governments can be summarized as follows:
  • Terrestrial Analysis: Forming terrestrial data set essential to physical planning
  • Terrestrial Synthesis: Conversion of terrestrial data to Multi-Natural Risk for Prevention, Multi-Natural Resource for Utilization, Natural / Historical Sites for Protection purposes, and Terrestrial Planning Clusters (3K Areas) as Ecological Resource as well as identification of Original Terrain Identity through distinguishing of other areas for the aim of Potential Settlement/ Structuring
  • Terrestrial Planning Decisions Production: Activity rating and allocating according to their specific qualifications of 3K areas (Prevention, Utilization, Protection areas), protection against natural risks related to forming Regional/ Local Development Strategies, utilization of natural resources, establishing of method and techniques to protect protected areas and ecological resources
  • Making Decisions about Site Selection for Habitation/Settlement Areas – Units: Examination Site Selection and area determination for city and urban elements
  • Examination of Habitation/Settlement Areas at Regional/Local Planning and Practices: Regional and local multiple natural risk analysis (Terrestrial/ Suitability for Settlement)
  • Examination on Suitability for Structuring: Geoengineering Project – Ground Survey
  • Sustainability Studies: Ensuring the sustainability of the built-up environment units, both internal and interrelated, in the ecological environmental whole, in order to provide Environmental – Urban – Structural Sustainability
  • Structured Environmental Analysis: Comparing the Current Land Use in the Planning with the Original Land Identity and examination of legal, administrative and technical issues focusing on the protection from the terrestrial risks that may exist in the structured environment, the availability from natural resources, and the ability to protect the protected areas and ecological resources, development of intervention priorities for the structured environment and related methods and techniques.
  • Reconstruction (Recycle-Conversion) Studies: According to the changing conditions of the day, making are consistently useful at the upper level of Human settlements and their natural environment with original terrain identity.
  • Determination of Strategies, Areas, and Direction of Potential Urban Development: The determination of new areas by scrutinizing to which the existing area should be shifted in case of necessity for any reason (urban development – extension, urban transformation, disaster, etc.)